How does a baby form from a single cell?
Something outside it must push it to do so, said the epigeneticists.
Something inside must be there already and must unfold, said the preformationists.
But how could little homunculi be inside that cell? said the epigeneticists? That is absurd. That little homunculus would need homunculi within him, ad infinitum!
But how could some mysterious force cause a blob of protoplasm become a human in one case and a calf in another and a starfish in a third, said the preformationists.
Modern biology answers with the compromise of information. The information is in there, as the preformationists argued, (in the form of genes). However it requires the influence of the environment to become an embryo as the epigeneticists argued.
But sadly, everybody is confused. Information is only information in a context, and that context is provided by the future.
Consider a “HDABF FASC”. A hdabf fasc is a phrase I just coined meaning an argument that seems to lead to a clear resolution but actually is a trick to lead us to greater confusion. I coined it, just now, by taking the first letter of the first words of my opening sentence. It is, as of right now, a coded message that this essay will be a hdabf fasc.
But it was not a hdabf fasc when I wrote it. The information was not there waiting to leap out. It only became information in the context of our unfolding lives.